Korean J Fam Pract. 2017; 7(3): 308-314  https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2017.7.3.308
The Association of Depression and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Korean Adults: The Sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2014
Yo Han Jung, Hye Kyung Shin, Yong Hwan Kim, Hyun Gyu Shin, John Linton*
Department of Family Medicine, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
John Linton
Tel: +82-2-2228-2330, Fax: +82-2-312-2846
E-mail: YOHAN@yuhs.ac
Received: March 18, 2016; Revised: August 30, 2016; Accepted: September 3, 2016; Published online: June 20, 2017.
© Korean Academy of Family Medicine. All rights reserved.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Background: Some studies have shown that depression increases the chances of developing risk factors of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and cerebrovascular disease. Few studies have examined Korean adults without overt CVD. This study investigated the cardiovascular risk factors associated with depression among Korean adults without overt CVD.
Methods: A total of 4,093 subjects without overt CVD from the Sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed according to sex using univariate analysis and multivariate analysis. Depression was identified using a cut-off score of 10-points in the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9).
Results: The overall prevalence of depression was 9.7% (males: 5.5%, females: 13.0%). In the analysis of the association between depression and each univariate analysis of risk factors, hypertension and dyslipidemia were statistically significant in females, but there was only a significant relationship in regards to dyslipidemia in males The associated risk factor for depression was dyslipidemia (odds ratio 1.546, 95% confidence interval 1.011–2.363) in males, but not in females in the multivariate analysis.
Conclusion: This study found that there is an association between dyslipidemia and depression in males, but not in females.
Keywords: Depression; Cardiovascluar Diseases; Hypertension; Diabetes Mellitus; Dyslipidemias; Obesity
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