Korean J Fam Pract. 2017; 7(3): 411-417  https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2017.7.3.411
Association between Family History of Diabetes Mellitus and Health Behaviors among Korean Adults
Min Gou Song*, Young Ho Koh, Jae Bin Kim, Dong A Lee, Bo Reum Noh, Hyo-Ji Kim
Department of Family Medicine, Dongsuwon General Hospital, Suwon, Korea
Min Gou Song
E-mail: mingou@naver.com
Received: May 17, 2016; Revised: October 6, 2016; Accepted: October 7, 2016; Published online: June 20, 2017.
© Korean Academy of Family Medicine. All rights reserved.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Background: Diabetes is associated with high mortality and medical expenditures. The onset of diabetes is related to genetic and lifestyle-related factors. People with a family history of diabetes should practice healthy behaviors to prevent diabetes. This study was performed to evaluate the correlational relationship between a family history of diabetes and health behaviors among Korean adults.
Methods: This retrospective study included 2,586 subjects aged >19 years from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2014. Individuals with chronic diseases, restrictions in activities of daily life, and missing data were excluded. We collected information regarding the subjects’ general characteristics, family history of other chronic diseases, and health behaviors, and measured body mass index (BMI).
Results: The subjects with a family history of diabetes were younger than those without a family history of diabetes and had higher educational levels, proportion of married subjects, household monthly income, and BMI. However, no significant difference in subjective health status was found. The results of the multivariate logistic regression analysis indicate that the differences in drinking habits, smoking habit, physical activity, calorie intake, vaccination, health screenings, and private health insurance between the group with and the group without a family history of diabetes were not significant. Only weight control efforts for the last 2 years showed a significant difference (odds ratio, 1.261; P=0.032).
Conclusion: The subjects with a family history of diabetes had a high BMI and performed weight-control efforts. However, the energy intake and physical activity showed no significant differences. We suggest that individuals with a family history of diabetes should improve their health behaviors to prevent diabetes.
Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus; Family History; Obesity; Health Behavior
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