Korean J Fam Pract. 2017; 7(3): 446-450  https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2017.7.3.446
Differences in Occupational Stress and Anxiety between Hospice and General Ward Nurses
Dong-Hyuk Park, Eun‐Jung Kim*, In-Sung Kim, Seung-Kyu Kwon, Der-Lih Wang
Department of Family Medicine, Busan Veterans Hospital, Busan, Korea
Eun‐Jung Kim
Tel: +82-51‐601‐6067, Fax: +82-51-601-6339
E-mail: ke415@hanmail.net
Received: May 10, 2016; Revised: September 28, 2016; Accepted: September 29, 2016; Published online: June 20, 2017.
© Korean Academy of Family Medicine. All rights reserved.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Background: The aim of this study was to measure occupational stress and anxiety among hospice palliative care nurses and general ward nurses and identify the differences between both groups.
Methods: Data for this study was gathered from 16 hospice ward nurses and 17 general ward nurses at hospital in Busan metropolitan city during 2015. Measuring stress are divided by eight several individuals which are job requirements, lack of job autonomy, conflict between individuals, unstable working position, organizational structure, unfair compensation and workplace culture. Data were analyzed with SPSS/Windows ver. 21.0 using cross tabulation analysis and the Mann-Whitney U-test.
Results: Occupational stress of general ward 46.08±8.03 are seems to be higher than hospice ward 43.36±5.02 but not statistically significant. Job requirements, a subdomain of occupational stress, was higher in the general ward (mean=65.21) than in the hospice ward (mean=54.69) (P=0.018). The general ward also presented higher scores for workplace culture (mean=47.06) than did the hospice ward (mean=35.41) (P=0.006). In terms of occupational stress, the average scores for job requirements, unstable work position, and organizational structure were higher than 50 on a scale of 0 to 100 for both wards. Furthermore, both wards showed low levels of anxiety and the difference between them was not significant.
Conclusion: This study shows that occupational stress and anxiety between hospice ward and general ward not statistically significant different. But, occupational stress level of nurses was high in both wards, and methods for reducing it are therefore required.
Keywords: Occupational Stress; Anxiety; Hospices; Nurses
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