Korean J Fam Pract. 2017; 7(4): 465-469  https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2017.7.4.465
The Association of Socioeconomic Status and Subjective Dizziness in Elderly Koreans: A Cross Sectional Study from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010-2012
Ha-Yoon Kim1, Yeo-Jin Choi1, Dong-Hyun Kim1, Hee-Kyung Lim1, Geon-Hyeok Kim2, Min-Kyu Choi1, Yong-Kyun Roh1,*
1Department of Family Medicine, Hallym University Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul; 2Department of Family Medicine, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Anyang, Korea
Yong-Kyun Roh
Tel: +82-2-829-5270, Fax: +82-2-829-5365
E-mail: rohyk@hallym.or.kr
Received: June 13, 2016; Revised: September 2, 2016; Accepted: September 17, 2016; Published online: August 20, 2017.
© Korean Academy of Family Medicine. All rights reserved.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: Dizziness is one of the most common symptoms in the elderly. Socioeconomic status plays an important role in health-care services and disease prevention. This study examined the association between socioeconomic status, measured by using education level and household income, and subjective dizziness.
Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 5,712 Korean adults aged ≥60 years with or without subjective dizziness from the 2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. This study analyzed the relationship among age, sex, body mass index, metabolic syndrome, smoking status, alcohol consumption, exercise frequency, educational level, household income, and subjective dizziness.
Results: The prevalence of subjective dizziness in the elderly was 27.3%. The Korean elderly with the lowest household incomes and educational levels were less likely to complain of subjective dizziness. The adjusted odds ratio and 95% confidence interval for subjective dizziness were 2.18 (1.55–3.07) in relation to highest educational status and 1.51 (1.15–1.99) in relation to highest household income.
Conclusion: This study showed that subjective dizziness increased with a decrease in educational level and household income. Differential socioeconomic experiences and exposures might cause differences in subjective health status and perception in the Korean elderly.
Keywords: Social Class; Dizziness; Elderly
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