Korean J Fam Pract. 2017; 7(6): 824-829  https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2017.7.6.824
Relationship between Skipping Meals and Impaired Fasting Glucose in Non-Diabetic Korean Adults
Hyo-Sun You, Jun-Hyuk Lee, Won-Jun Choi, Ji-Won Lee*
Department of Family Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Ji-Won Lee
Tel: +82-2-2019-3481, Fax: +82-2-3462-8209
E-mail: INDI5645@yuhs.ac
Received: March 3, 2017; Revised: August 22, 2017; Accepted: September 18, 2017; Published online: December 20, 2017.
© Korean Academy of Family Medicine. All rights reserved.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Background: Regular eating patterns play a crucial role in blood glucose control and irregular eating habits, particularly skipping breakfast, have been reported to increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study examined the correlation between skipping meals and impaired fasting glucose among non-diabetic adults, as part of a wider aim to reduce the risk of developing diabetes through educational programs targeting eating-habits.
Methods: This study was based on data derived from the Sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VI-1, 2), 2013–2014, Koera Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and involved 6,731 non-diabetic adults between 19 and 64 years of age. Participants were categorized into a skipping meal group (SMG) and a non-SMG, according to their eating habits. To assess the correlation between eating habits and impaired fasting glucose we performed complex sample logistic regression analysis, adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, exercise, income, occupation, marital status, and education.
Results: The incidence of impaired fasting glucose was higher in the SMG (odds ratio, 1.27; 95% confidence interval, 1.02–1.58) than in the Non-SMG (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Among non-diabetic adults, irregular eating patterns increased the risk of developing impaired fasting glucose, a recognized risk factor for T2DM. Educational strategies promoting regular eating patterns may contribute to the prevention of T2DM.
Keywords: Skipping Meal; Impaired Fasting Glucose; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Non-Diabetic Group
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