Korean J Fam Pract. 2018; 8(2): 175-181  https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2018.8.2.175
Factors Related to Blood Pressure Control and the Effect of an Education Program Performed by Family Physicians on Patients with Hypertension
Jang Wook Choi, Jeong Ho Shin*, Min Jun Kim, Kye Seon Park, Kyo Il Song, In Chul Hur
Department of Family Medicine, Osan Hankook Hospital, Osan, Korea
Jeong Ho Shin
Tel: +82-31-379-8399, Fax: +82-31-379-8534
E-mail: immortalsoul@hanmail.net
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3354-8107
Received: March 9, 2017; Revised: September 30, 2017; Accepted: October 7, 2017; Published online: April 20, 2018.
© The Korean Academy of Family Medicine. All rights reserved.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: Hypertension is a known risk factor of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disease. For the treatment of hypertension, lifestyle modification is as essential as pharmacological therapy. This study was performed to investigate the factors related to blood pressure control and confirm the effect of an education program in enabling lifestyle modification on patients with hypertension.
Methods: We enrolled 65 subjects who had been diagnosed with hypertension for the first time and had initiated medication at the family medicine department of Osan Hankook Hospital from March 2016 to November 2016. 35 subjects completed an education program performed by their family physicians. The systolic blood pressure (SBP) was compared between the medication only group and the added education program group. Data were analyzed using univariate analysis and multiple logistic regression.
Results: The comparison of SBP between the medication only group (mean±standard deviation [SD] SBP 143.17±11.78 mmHg) and the added education program group (mean±SD SBP 133.57±10.54 mmHg) revealed a statistically significant difference (P=0.005). In multiple logistic regression analysis, occupation (odds ratio [OR], 7.257; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.682 to 31.310), nonsmoking status (OR, 6.011; 95% CI, 1.143 to 31.600), and education program completion (OR, 3.703; 95% CI, 1.015 to 13.513) were found to be related to lower SBP.
Conclusion: This study reveals several factors that are associated with blood pressure control. Among these factors, education on life-style modification was seen to be the factor that had the most effect. Therefore, we can conclude that an education program combined with antihypertensive medication is a more effective and beneficial way to improve blood pressure control.
Keywords: Hypertension; Life Style; Health Education; Antihypertensive Agents
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