Korean J Fam Pract. 2018; 8(2): 322-326  https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2018.8.2.322
The Association between Intensity, Types of Exercise, and Depressive Symptoms
Jun Seob Shin, Jung Im Gwak*, Hyung Joon An, Hyun Jung Choi, So-Jung Yun
Department of Family Medicine, Anyang SAM Hospital, Anyang, Korea
Jung Im Gwak
Tel: +82-31-467-9161, Fax: +82-31-449-0151
E-mail: euridiche@hanmail.net
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8874-0518
Received: September 30, 2016; Accepted: October 10, 2016; Published online: April 20, 2018.
© The Korean Academy of Family Medicine. All rights reserved.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: Exercise is among the many alternatives to psychotherapy or medical treatment for depression. Many studies have suggested a relationship between exercise and improvement of depressive disorder. However, the types of exercise or exercise intensity that have more positive effects on depression could not be determined. Thus, we examined which type of exercise effectively reduces depressive symptoms by using data from the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
Methods: Data were obtained from the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2013. Among 8,018 participants of the survey, 5,660 adults (≥19 years old) who answered the question about having a depressive symptom experience for ≥2 weeks were enrolled. The difference in depressive symptom experience between the kinds of exercise group was assessed by performing a chi-square test. For the multivariate analysis, a binary logistic regression was performed to evaluate the factors that showed significance in the univariate analysis.
Results: Among 2,580 men and 3,080 women, 369 men (14.3%) and 445 women (14.4%) experienced depressive symptoms for ≥2 weeks, respectively. According to the sex of the individual, subjects in both the male and female groups who performed walking exercise showed significantly decreased incidence of depressive symptoms (P<0.001).
Conclusion: The incidence of experiencing depressive symptom was significantly decreased among the groups of men and women who walking exercise.
Keywords: Exercise; Depressive Symptoms
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