Korean J Fam Pract. 2018; 8(4): 639-642  https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2018.8.4.639
Correlation between Visceral Fat Area and Anthropometric Variables and Metabolic Syndrome Components in Male Children with Obesity
Dong-Hee You, Ja-Young Yoo, Gyun-Young Woo, Keun-Sang Yum*
Department of Family Medicine, Uijeongbu St. Mary’s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea
Keun-Sang Yum Tel: +82-31-820-3179, Fax: +82-31-848-3179 E-mail: yks6303@catholic.ac.kr ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0109-8965
Received: July 6, 2017; Revised: August 28, 2017; Accepted: September 11, 2017; Published online: August 20, 2018.
© The Korean Academy of Family Medicine. All rights reserved.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: Obesity and visceral fat accumulation in children increase the risk of metabolic syndrome in the future. We investigated the components of metabolic syndrome and anthropometric variables associated with visceral fat area.
Methods: We investigated 64 male children aged between 7 and 12 years who visited the Obesity Clinic between January 2009 and October 2016. Visceral and subcutaneous fat areas were measured using computed tomography.
Results: The visceral fat area was significantly correlated with the waist circumference (r=0.63, P<0.01) and body fat mass (r=0.63, P<0.01). Serum triglycerides (a component of metabolic syndrome) (r=0.43, P<0.01) were correlated with the visceral fat area. The visceral/subcutaneous fat area ratio (VSR) was not significantly correlated with anthropometric parameters.
Conclusion: Waist circumference is a relatively good parameter to predict the abdominal visceral fat area in children. The VSR showed no correlation with anthropometric parameters.
Keywords: Obesity; Visceral Fat Area; Waist Circumference; Metabolic Syndrome; Children
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