Korean J Fam Pract. 2018; 8(5): 723-728  https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2018.8.5.723
Effects of Physical Activity and Sitting Time on Diabetes Control: The Sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013
Yong Hwa Jung, Jin A Kim, Se Mi Park, Keun Joo Bae, Ji Hyun Kim, Suk Won Park, Kyung-Hwan Cho, Yang-Hyun Kim*
Department of Family Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Yang-Hyun Kim
Tel: +82-2-920-6928, Fax: +82-2-928-8083
E-mail: mrchir@naver.com
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-003-3548-8758
Received: July 21, 2017; Revised: October 19, 2017; Accepted: October 22, 2017; Published online: October 20, 2018.
© The Korean Academy of Family Medicine. All rights reserved.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Background: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is increasing worldwide, and it is important to make efforts to reduce the risk of complications through adequate blood glucose control. There are several studies that show the relationship between physical activity and complications of diabetes including death, and between sedentary time and development of chronic diseases. However, studies demonstrating the effect of physical activity and sedentary time on diabetes mellitus are lacking, and our study attempts to explore the same.
Methods: This study used a questionnaire survey regarding physical activity in 519 diabetic patients from the first year data of the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey of 2013. We measured vigorous physical activity, moderate physical activity and sedentary time, and examined the ratio of regulation of HbA1c to 6.5% or less.
Results: It was found that there was no significant correlation between sedentary time and diabetes control according to physical activity after correcting for variables such as age, gender, body mass index, income, smoking, drinking, education level, and use of diabetes medication.
Conclusion: This study was clinically relevant as it attempted to examine the relationship of physical activity and sedentary time with diabetes control in Korean diabetic patients. However, the difficulty and doubtful accuracy in objective time measurement in the form of self-filling questionnaire prompts future supplementary research with intervention by an expert group.
Keywords: Sedentary Activity; Physical Activity; Diabetes; Diabetes Control
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