Korean J Fam Pract. 2018; 8(5): 735-740  https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2018.8.5.735
The Relationship between Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior and Intention to Quit Smoking in Adult Smokers
Nojin Lee, Seokhan Lee, Semi Park, Kyung Hwan Cho*, Yang Hyun Kim, Seokwon Park, Jihyun Kim, Keunjoo Bae
Department of Family Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Kyung Hwan Cho
Tel: +82-2-920-5105, Fax: +82-2-928-8083
E-mail: chokh@korea.ac.kr
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2521-3064
Received: July 21, 2017; Revised: October 1, 2017; Accepted: October 8, 2017; Published online: October 20, 2018.
© The Korean Academy of Family Medicine. All rights reserved.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: Health risk behaviors such as smoking, physical activity, and sedentary behavior have an important influence on chronic disease prevalence and mortality. Determining the relationship between these health risk behaviors will be helpful in preventing chronic disease and developing appropriate individualized cessation plans for smokers.
Methods: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the level of physical activity, sedentary behavior time, and intention to discontinue smoking in adult male smokers aged between 20 and 59 years old in Korea. We used multivariate logistic regression analysis to determine the relationship between these factors. We used raw data from the first year (2013) of the sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
Results: Compared to the group with less than 5 hours of sedentary behavior without exercise, the odds ratio of the intention to discontinue smoking for the group with less than 5 hours of sedentary behavior with exercise was 2.694 (95% confidence interval 1.299–5.588). This model was adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, lifetime alcohol consumption experience, educational status, and income.
Conclusion: Groups with a longer exercise time and shorter sedentary behavior time had a higher intention to discontinue smoking than those without. This is thought to be because of the psychological rewards of exercise and changes in neurotransmitters involved in the positive reinforcement by substance abuse.
Keywords: Smokers; Exercise; Sedentary Lifestyle; Smoking; Smoking Cessation; Health Behavior
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