Korean J Fam Pract. 2018; 8(6): 870-876  https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp. 2018.8.6.870
The Relevance of Mental Health According to the Skipping Breakfast of the Youth: The 12th (2016) Adolescent Health Behavior Online Survey
Joong Soo Kim1, Eun Ju Shin2, Seol Ryu1, Hyun Jung Park1,*
1Department of Family Medicine, Gimpo-Woori Hospital, Gimpo; 2Department of Pediatrics, National Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
Hyun Jung Park
Tel: +82-31-999-1021, Fax: +82-31-999-1899
E-mail: koibitto@naver.com
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4417-8735
Received: September 28, 2017; Revised: October 28, 2017; Accepted: October 28, 2017; Published online: December 20, 2018.
© The Korean Academy of Family Medicine. All rights reserved.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between eating breakfast and mental health among adolescents in Korea.
Methods: A total of 62,141 middle school and high school students, excluding those with mental health disorders, were selected on the basis of the 12th Adolescent Health Behavior Online Survey. Dependent variables in the prior 12 months included sadness, despair, and suicidal thoughts, plans, and attempts. Logistic regression analysis was performed by setting breakfast frequency in the prior 7 days as an independent variable. Linear regression analysis was used to determine the correlation between breakfast frequency in the prior 7 days and subjective happiness and stress.
Results: Feelings of sadness and despair, and suicidal thoughts, plans, and attempts in the prior 12 months were significantly lower in the breakfast group. As breakfast frequency increased, happiness increased and stress decreased.
Conclusion: The frequency of eating breakfast was associated with mental health, and the importance of regular eating habits was confirmed. In the future, additional and in-depth study of the role of breakfast in adolescent mental health is needed.
Keywords: Adolescents; Mental Health; Breakfast


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