Korean J Fam Pract. 2018; 8(6): 911-918  https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp. 2018.8.6.911
Association between Coffee Consumption and Obesity in Korean Adults: The Sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013-2015
Suyeon Kim, Mijin Yoon, Youngmoon Jin, Hyungmin Kim, Junga Kim, Kihyun Park, Soohyung Lee*
Department of Family Medicine, Seoul Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
Soohyung Lee
Tel: +82-2-2276-8513, Fax: +82-2-2276-7377
E-mail: jasinita@hanmail.net
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0064-0388
Received: April 2, 2018; Revised: May 18, 2018; Accepted: July 12, 2018; Published online: December 20, 2018.
© The Korean Academy of Family Medicine. All rights reserved.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Background: Coffee is one of the most consumed beverages worldwide. This study aimed to evaluate the association between coffee consumption and obesity.
Methods: This study included 8,659 adults aged >19 years who participated in the Sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2013–2015). Logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between coffee consumption with and without sugar and cream and obesity.
Results: The risk of obesity showed an increasing trend as the coffee consumption increased compared to the group that did not consume coffee. Logistic regression analysis showed a significant association between coffee consumption and obesity using the abdominal obesity standard in the fully adjusted model. The risk of obesity was higher in the groups that consumed coffee with and without cream and sugar than in the group that did not consume coffee.
Conclusion: A significant association was found between coffee consumption and obesity.
Keywords: Coffee; Obesity; Body Mass Index; Korea


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