Korean J Fam Pract 2019; 9(1): 51-58  https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2019.9.1.51
Comparison of Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in One-Person Households and Multi-Person Households
Kyung-Moo Lee, Kwang-Won Lee, Yu-Seok Hwang, Tae-Ho Kang, Yun-Soo Park, Jae-Min Jeong*
Department of Family Medicine, Yeosu Chonnam Hospital, Yeosu, Korea
Jae-Min Jeong, Tel: +82-61-640-7575, Fax: +82-61-643-2628, E-mail: mdjjm@naver.com, ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5482-7036
Received: May 9, 2018; Revised: July 27, 2018; Accepted: November 1, 2018; Published online: February 20, 2019.
© The Korean Academy of Family Medicine. All rights reserved.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: Recently, the number of one-person households has increased, and the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus has risen in Korea. Major complications of diabetes, such as stroke and myocardial infarction are major causes of death. Therefore, we conducted this study to test the hypothesis that the risk factors and prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus differ between one-person and multi-person households.
Methods: This retrospective study analyzed data of 3,691 adults over 19 years old from the 7th (2016) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Data were analyzed by composite sampling for age, family history, waist circumference, body mass index, hypertension, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, and consumption of breakfast. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed by household-type in order to estimate the relative risk of factors associated with diabetes.
Results: Hypertension was a significant risk factor for diabetes in both groups. Among other diabetic risk factors, individuals in one-person households were more likely to skip breakfast and less likely to engage in physical activity than those in multi-person households.
Conclusion: One-person households have a high risk of hypertension, skipping breakfast, and poor physical activity. It is important to consider the role of one-person households when studying the management and treatment of disease.
Keywords: One-Person Households; Multi-Person Households; Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes; 7th Korea National health and Nutrition Examination Surveys
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