Korean J Fam Pract 2019; 9(2): 224-229  https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2019.9.2.224
The Analysis between the Socioeconomic Factor and the Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Risk: The 7th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1st Year), 2016
Jeongho Byeon1, Hyejun Lee1, Hanul Chong1, Junho Choi2, Youngeun Choi2, Kyunghee Cho2,*
1Department of Family Medicine, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul; 2Department of Family Medicine, National Health Insurance Service Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Korea
Socioeconomic Factor; Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Risk; Income Level; Education Level; Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factor
Received: August 6, 2018; Revised: January 24, 2019; Accepted: February 18, 2019; Published online: April 20, 2019.
© The Korean Academy of Family Medicine. All rights reserved.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: The purpose of this study was to analyze the socioeconomic factors that affect atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk.
Methods: We used data from 3,704 individuals between 40 and 79 years of age, who participated in the Korean National Health Examination and Nutrition Survey in 2016. Socioeconomic groups were categorized by income and education level. We analyzed the odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) from logistic regression for the atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk in each group.
Results: Using logistic regression analysis, the odds ratios and 95% CIs of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk based on high, middle, and low socioeconomic factors were 1.0, 1.597 (95% CI, 1.279–1.993), and 5.689 (95% CI, 4.030–8.032), respectively. The results after adjusting for covariates (age, gender, obesity, alcohol consumption) also showed statistical significance.
Conclusion: We conclude that socioeconomic factors such as income and education level are correlated with increased atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk.
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