Korean J Fam Pract 2019; 9(2): 235-238  https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2019.9.2.235
Association between Nicotine Dependence and Depressive Mood among Patients of Smoking Cessation Clinic
Chang Soo Kim1, Ga Eun Nam1,2,*, Kyoung Man Jung1, Byoungduck Han1, Sung Jung Cho1, Jung Hun Kim1, Do Hyun Eum1, Tae Ryoon Kim1, Sang Woo Lee1
1Department of Family Medicine, Sahmyook Medical Center; 2Department of Family Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Ga Eun Nam, Tel: +82-2-920-5104, Fax: +82-2-928-8083, E-mail: namgaaa@daum.net, ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6739-9904
Received: August 28, 2017; Revised: October 17, 2017; Accepted: October 17, 2017; Published online: April 20, 2019.
© The Korean Academy of Family Medicine. All rights reserved.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: This study evaluated the association between nicotine dependence and depressive mood in patients who visited a secondary hospital for smoking cessation treatment.
Methods: From March 2016 to February 2017, a total of 48 patients who visited the smoking cessation clinic of a secondary hospital in Seoul were surveyed through questionnaires. Nicotine dependence was assessed by the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was used to assess depressive mood.
Results: The mean BDI score was positively associated with nicotine dependence (P=0.01). In multivariable logistic regression analysis, increasing BDI was associated with higher odds (1.21, 95% confidence interval; 1.02–1.44) of high nicotine dependence after adjusting for all confounding variables.
Conclusion: Depressive mood was positively associated with nicotine dependence among patients who visited a smoking cessation clinic. Consideration of depressive mood in smoking cessation treatment may be helpful for smoking cessation among patients with a willingness to quit smoking.
Keywords: Smoking Cessation; Nicotine Dependence; Depressive Mood
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