Korean J Fam Pract 2019; 9(6): 520-526  https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2019.9.6.520
Association between Away-from-Home Meals and Hypertension in Korean adults: Analyzing Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2016–2017
Hyeli Choi1, Serngbai Pak2,*, Hyunhee Lee1
1Department of Family Medicine, Severance Hospital, Seoul; 2Department of Family Medicine, National Health Insurance Service Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Korea
Serngbai Pak
Tel: +82-31-900-0440, Fax: +82-31-900-0343
E-mail: aledma1119@naver.com
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8939-8737
Received: July 27, 2019; Revised: September 25, 2019; Accepted: October 12, 2019; Published online: December 20, 2019.
© The Korean Academy of Family Medicine. All rights reserved.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: Recently, the consumption of away-from-home meals has increased in Korea. This study aimed to evaluate the association of away-from-home-meals and hypertension in Korean adults.
Methods: This cross-sectional survey included 5,533 adults aged 20 to 65 from the 2016 and 2017 results of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Away-from-home meals are defined as meals other than home-cooked food (including delivery food, packaged food, school meals, and religious group food). The frequency of away-from-home meals was classified into three categories: 1) ≥14/week, 2) 5–13/week, and 3) ≤4/week. Moreover, age was classified into three categories: 1) aged 20 to 39, 40 to 59, and 3) age≥60. The association between away-from-home meals and hypertension for each age group was analyzed using logistic regression methods.
Results: The prevalence of hypertension in adults who consumed away-from-home meals ≥14/week was higher than in those who consumed awayfrom-home meals ≤13/week. The multivariate-adjusted odds ratio for hypertension was 1.327 (95% confidence interval: 0.934–1.885) for those who consumed away-from-home meals ≥14/week and 1.109 (95% confidence interval: 0.860–1.429) for those consumed away-from-home meals 5–13/week.
Conclusion: These findings suggest that there is no association between increased consumption of away-from-home meals and hypertension in Korean adults.
Keywords: Away-from-Home Meals; Hypertension; Korean Adults; Sodium
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