Korean Journal of Family Practice

Table. 2.

Factors associated with multimorbiditya (n=4,460)

Variable Univariate Multivariateb


OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Sex
Male 1 1
Female 1.07 0.92–1.25 1.12 0.92–1.37
Age
40–44 1 1
45–49 2.41 1.62–3.58 2.20 1.47–3.29
50–54 3.47 2.40–5.02 3.01 2.05–4.40
55–59 6.68 4.70–9.49 5.65 3.91–8.17
60–64 12.40 8.75–17.45 10.02 6.93–14.48
Marital status
Married 1 1
Unmarried 1.63 1.35–1.96 1.23 1.00–1.51
Education (y)
More than 12 1 1
12 or less 2.57 2.22–2.99 1.06 0.81–1.16
Current smoking
No 1 1
Yes 0.98 0.82–1.18 1.06 0.84–1.33
Alcohol (times/wk)
1 or less 1 1
More than 2 1.02 0.86–1.21 1.20 0.97–1.48
Weekly strength exercise(times/wk)
More than 3 1 1
2 or less 1.02 0.85–1.23 0.83 0.68–1.02
Private insurance
Yes 1 1
No 2.68 2.26–3.19 1.68 1.39–2.04
BMI (kg/m2)
Normal 1 1
Underweight 1.11 0.65–1.91 0.97 0.54–1.74
Obesity 2.32 2.00–2.70 2.30 1.96–2.70
Subjective health status
Good 1 1
Usual 2.50 1.98–3.17 2.47 1.93–3.15
Bad 7.60 5.95–9.72 6.37 4.90–8.28

OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; BMI, body mass index.

aMultimorbidity was defined as three or more disease among hypertension, dyslipidemia, stroke, myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis, pulmonary tuberculosis, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, depression, renal failure, diabetes, thyroid disease, hepatitis B, hepatitis C and liver cirrhosis.

bOdds ratios (95% confidence interval) was adjusting for age, sex, education, marital status, private insurance, alcohol, current smoking, frequency of strength exercise, obesity and subjective health status using logistic regression analysis.

Korean J Fam Pract 2021;11:22~28 https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2021.11.1.22
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