Korean Journal of Family Practice

Table. 2.

Odds ratios for the development of depressive mooda

Variable Unadjusted OR (95% CI) P-value Adjusted OR (95% CI) P-value
Sex
Male Reference Reference
Female 1.451 (1.060–1.985) 0.020 1.972 (1.336–2.909) 0.001
Age (y)
19–29 Reference Reference
30–39 0.602 (0.442–0.820) 0.001 0.934 (0.585–1.492) 0.776
Education level
≤Elementary school Reference Reference
Middle school 0.333 (0.038–2.910) 0.320 0.289 (0.026–3.246) 0.315
High school 0.175 (0.024–1.259) 0.083 0.210 (0.023–1.874) 0.162
≥College 0.115 (0.016–0.826) 0.032 0.160 (0.018–1.422) 0.100
Occupation
No Reference Reference
Yes 0.703 (0.512–0.965) 0.029 0.641 (0.451–0.912) 0.014
Family number
1 Reference Reference
2 0.673 (0.382–1.189) 0.173 1.000 (0.528–1.893) >0.999
3 0.490 (0.295–0.811) 0.006 0.656 (0.371–1.161) 0.148
≥4 0.570 (0.355–0.916) 0.020 0.743 (0.430–1.285) 0.289
Spouse status
Unmarried Reference Reference
With spouse 0.485 (0.348–0.676) <0.001 0.537 (0.321–0.896) 0.017
Married but without spouse 1.014 (0.291–3.529) 0.983 1.064 (0.272–4.156) 0.929
Perceived health status
Good 0.617 (0.422–0.903) 0.013 0.882 (0.586–1.327) 0.547
Moderate Reference Reference
Bad 2.200 (1.484–3.263) <0.001 1.514 (0.982–2.335) 0.060
Diabetes 4.327 (1.026–18.257) 0.046 2.204 (0.437–11.121) 0.338
Stress perception
Low Reference Reference
High 4.857 (3.480–6.778) <0.001 4.343 (3.049–6.184) <0.001
Smoking
Non-smoker Reference Reference
Ex-smoker 0.827 (0.510–1.342) 0.442 0.948 (0.554–1.623) 0.846
Smoker 1.581 (1.118–2.236) 0.010 1.914 (1.237–2.960) 0.004

OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval.

aDepressive mood: ≥2 weeks of continuing depressive mood.

P-value by logistic regression analysis.

Korean J Fam Pract 2021;11:120~126 https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2021.11.2.120
© KJFP