Korean Journal of Family Practice

Table. 1.

Vitamin A fully adequate group

Characteristics Vitamin A fully adequate group Total P-value

Yes No
Total 644 (19.3) 2,952 (80.7) 3,596 (100.0)
Age (y) 59.11±0.43 59.46±0.22 59.39±0.19 0.482
Body mass index (kg/m2) 24.57±0.13 24.08±0.07 24.18±0.06 <0.001
Vitamin A (mg/L) 0.85±0.01 0.49±0.00 0.56±0.00 <0.001
Vitamin E (mg/L) 16.81±0.35 14.04±0.20 14.58±0.18 <0.001
Sex <0.001
Male 410 (65.7) 1,195 (43.2) 1,605 (47.6)
Female 234 (34.3) 1,757 (56.8) 1,991 (52.4)
Income 0.807
Low 142 (17.8) 676 (18.1) 818 (18.0)
Mid-low 147 (22.2) 735 (24.2) 882 (23.8)
Mid-high 162 (28.3) 739 (26.9) 901 (27.2)
High 193 (31.6) 802 (30.9) 995 (31.0)
Educational level 0.852
≤Elementary school 175 (25.3) 843 (23.8) 1,018 (24.1)
Middle school 98 (14.8) 431 (14.2) 529 (14.3)
High school 202 (31.6) 935 (33.5) 1,137 (33.1)
≥College 169 (28.4) 743 (28.5) 912 (28.4)
Marital status 0.513
Married 508 (83.0) 2,307 (81.8) 2,815 (82.0)
Unmarried 136 (17.0) 645 (18.2) 781 (18.0)
Hypertension <0.001
Yes 285 (42.0) 1,010 (32.7) 1,295 (34.5)
No 359 (58.0) 1,942 (67.3) 2,301 (65.5)
Hyperlipidemia <0.001
Yes 217 (34.1) 740 (25.7) 957 (27.3)
No 427 (65.9) 2,212 (74.3) 2,639 (72.7)
Diabetic mellitus 0.004
Yes 152 (20.9) 488 (15.2) 640 (16.3)
No 492 (79.1) 2,464 (84.8) 2,956 (83.7)

Values are presented as mean±standard error for continuous variables or unweighted n (weighted %) for categorical variables.

P-values are from Rao-scott χ2 test or ANOVA.

Korean J Fam Pract 2021;11:135~141 https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2021.11.2.135
© KJFP