Korean Journal of Family Practice

Table. 3.

Proportions of subjects with nutrient intake above the estimated average requirement (EAR) according to COPD

Characteristics EAR COPD
(N=3,145)
NCOPD
(N=16,748)
P-value
Male Female
Energy (kcal) 2,200 1,800 1,129 (36.3) 6,930 (43.2) <0.001
Protein (g) 45 40 2,294 (72.7) 13,044 (79.7) <0.001
Fat-soluble vitamins
Vitamin A (μgRE) 530 430 1,564 (50.0) 10,100 (60.8) <0.001
Water-soluble vitamins
Vitamin C (mg) 75 75 1,531 (47.9) 9,403 (56.1) <0.001
Vitamin B1 (mg) 1.0 0.9 2,161 (69.1) 12,269 (75.7) <0.001
Vitamin B2 (mg) 1.3 1.0 1,117 (36.4) 7,953 (48.8) <0.001
Niacin (mg) 12 11 1,948 (61.8) 11,296 (69.6) <0.001
Major minerals
Calcium (mg) 570 560 915 (28.8) 5,332 (33.1) <0.001
Phosphorus (mg) 580 580 2,782 (87.8) 14,982 (90.2) 0.001
Sodium (mg) 1,500 1,500 2,851 (90.3) 15,305 (92.0) 0.014
Potassium (mg) 3,500 3,500 936 (29.4) 5,577 (34.7) <0.001
Trace minerals
Iron (mg) 7 6 2,765 (87.7) 15,203 (91.7) <0.001

Values are presented as number (%).

COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; NCOPD, non-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Korean J Fam Pract 2021;11:288~295 https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2021.11.4.288
© KJFP