Korean Journal of Family Practice

Table. 4.

Comparisons of nutrient intakes according to estimated average requirement (EAR)

Characteristics Intake nutrient below the EAR Intake nutrient above the EAR
COPD NCOPD P-value COPD NCOPD P-value
Energy (kcal) 1,509.28±11.54 1,449.90±4.74 <0.001 2,777.00±27.61 2,715.10±13.27 0.042
Protein (g) 31.74±0.37 31.11±0.15 0.113 79.98±0.96 79.95±0.44 0.982
Fat-soluble vitamins
Vitamin A (μgRE) 263.16±4.22 275.11±1.86 0.009 1,249.24±44.46 1,225.99±19.62 0.624
Water-soluble vitamins
Vitamin C (mg) 39.77±0.58 41.94±0.27 0.001 166.14±3.48 174.40±1.77 0.032
Vitamin B1 (mg) 0.68±0.008 0.67±0.003 0.728 1.92±0.02 1.90±0.25 0.477
Vitamin B2 (mg) 0.72±0.008 0.74±0.003 0.037 1.87±0.02 1.79±0.01 0.012
Niacin (mg) 8.28±0.08 8.30±0.03 0.831 20.53±0.28 20.52±0.12 0.976
Major minerals
Calcium (mg) 325.94±3.56 342.99±1.46 <0.001 903.76±18.67 864.19±9.37 0.061
Phosphorus (mg) 440.54±7.69 449.16±3.08 0.293 1,215.09±11.49 1,235.44±5.76 0.110
Sodium (mg) 1,034.55±22.65 1,067.61±11.09 0.191 4,808.39±70.04 4,980.01±36.14 0.026
Potassium (mg) 2,211.85±20.13 2,302.70±8.60 <0.001 4,935.56±56.48 4,964.25±28.30 0.650
Trace minerals
Iron (mg) 4.73±0.09 4.70±0.43 0.775 18.05±0.36 18.12±0.18 0.864

Values are presented as mean±standard deviation.

COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; NCOPD, non-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Korean J Fam Pract 2021;11:288~295 https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2021.11.4.288
© KJFP