Korean Journal of Family Practice

Table. 6.

Logistic regression analysis of associations between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and nutrient intakes according to estimated average requirement (EAR)

Intake each component above the EAR aORa
(95% confidence interval)
P-value
Energy (kcal) 0.920 (0.821–1.032) 0.155
Protein (g) 0.863 (0.743–1.001) 0.052
Fat-soluble vitamins
Vitamin A (μgRE) 0.943 (0.841–1.057) 0.310
Water-soluble vitamins
Vitamin C (mg) 0.887 (0.789–0.997) 0.044
Vitamin B1 (mg) 0.913 (0.794–1.049) 0.199
Vitamin B2 (mg) 0.983 (0.863–1.119) 0.792
Niacin (mg) 0.897 (0.783–1.028) 0.119
Major minerals
Calcium (mg) 0.960 (0.845–1.091) 0.532
Phosphorus (mg) 0.830 (0.687–1.002) 0.052
Sodium (mg) 0.931 (0.753–1.151) 0.508
Potassium (mg) 0.945 (0.827–1.079) 0.400
Trace minerals
Iron (mg) 0.955 (0.789–1.157) 0.639

aOR, adjusted odds ratio.

aAdjusted for age, sex, body mass index, household income, smoking status, total energy intake, odds ratio for COPD risk of those who had intake of each component above EAR compared to that of below EAR.

Korean J Fam Pract 2021;11:288~295 https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2021.11.4.288
© KJFP