Korean Journal of Family Practice

Table. 1.

The difference of PHQ-9 score by the characteristics of study group

Variable No.(%) PHQ-9 score P-valuea
Sex <0.001
Male 754 (46.5) 2.09±0.001
Female 866 (53.5) 3.47±0.001
Age, y <0.001
19–29 877 (54.1) 2.41±0.001
30–39 743 (45.9) 3.06±0.001
Household members <0.001
1–2 380 (23.5) 3.01±0.002
3–6 1,240 (76.5) 2.64±0.001
Marital status <0.001
Married 721 (44.5) 2.41±0.001
Single 899 (55.5) 2.96±0.001
Education <0.001
≤High school 632 (39.0) 2.88±0.001
≥College 988 (61.0) 2.64±0.001
Alcohol <0.001
≤4 Times a month 1,235 (76.2) 2.66±0.001
≥Twice a week 385 (23.8) 3.01±0.002
Current smoking <0.001
No 1,255 (77.5) 2.62±0.001
Yes 365 (22.5) 3.12±0.002
Physical activity
(moderate-intensity)
<0.001
No 1,134 (70.0) 2.88±0.001
Yes 486 (30.0) 2.44±0.002
Aerobic exercise <0.001
No 730 (45.1) 2.66±0.001
Yes 890 (54.9) 2.80±0.001
Walking <0.001
≤4 Times a week 792 (48.9) 2.82±0.001
≥5 Times a week 828 (51.1) 2.67±0.001
Muscular exercise <0.001
None 1,144 (70.6) 2.81±0.001
≥Once a week 476 (29.4) 2.58±0.002
Perceived health status <0.001
Very good or good 604 (37.3) 1.57±0.001
Fair or poor or very poor 1,016 (62.7) 3.43±0.001
Health screening <0.001
Yes 899 (54.9) 2.37±0.001
No 731 (45.1) 3.19±0.002
Unmet medical needs <0.001
No 1,483 (91.5) 2.52±0.001
Yes 137 (8.5) 5.05±0.004
Perceived body type <0.001
Thin or normal 872 (53.8) 2.56±0.001
Obese 748 (46.2) 2.94±0.001
Weight-control <0.001
Yes 1,023 (63.1) 2.83±0.001
No 597 (36.9) 2.60±0.001
Pain and discomfort <0.001
No 1368 (84.4) 2.46±0.001
Yes 252 (15.6) 4.28±0.003
Total 1,620 (100) 2.74±0.001

Values are presented as mean±standard error after weighted analysis method.

PHQ-9, Patient Health Questionnaire-9.

aBy weighted t-test.

Korean J Fam Pract 2021;11:296~303 https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2021.11.4.296
© KJFP