Korean Journal of Family Practice

Table. 5.

Multiple logistic regression analysis for factors associated with PHQ-9 score

Variable Regression coefficient P-value Odds ratioa 95% confidence interval
Perceived health status
Very good or good 1
Fair or poor or very poor 1.156 <0.001 3.179 3.168–3.189
Sex
Male 1
Female 1.147 <0.001 3.149 3.139–3.159
Unmet medical needs
No 1
Yes 0.688 <0.001 1.990 1.982–1.998
Pain and discomfort
No 1
Yes 0.683 <0.001 1.980 1.973–1.986
Marital status
Married 1
Single 0.437 <0.01 1.548 1.542–1.554
Health screening
Yes 1
No 0.339 <0.001 1.404 1.400–1.408
Current smoking
No 1
Yes 0.306 <0.001 1.357 1.353–1.362
Physical activity (moderate-intensity)
No 1
Yes 0.288 <0.001 1.334 1.329–1.338
Aerobic exercise
No 1
Yes 0.271 <0.001 1.312 1.307–1.316
Walking
≤4 Times a week 1
≥5 Times a week 0.258 <0.001 1.294 1.290–1.298
Household members
1–2 1
3–6 0.214 <0.001 1.238 1.234–1.242
Alcohol
≤4 Times a month 1
≥Twice a week 0.178 <0.001 1.195 1.191–1.199
Age, y
19–29 1
30–39 0.162 <0.001 1.176 1.172–1.180
Perceived body type
Thin or normal 1
Obese 0.082 <0.001 1.085 1.082–1.088
Education
≤High school 1
≥College 0.062 <0.001 1.064 1.061–1.067
Weight-control
Yes 1
No 0.046 <0.001 1.048 1.044–1.051
Muscular exercise
None 1
≥Once a week -0.331 <0.001 0.718 0.716–0.721
Constant -3.981 <0.001 0.019

PHQ-9, Patient Health Questionnaire-9.

aAnalyzed by weighted multiple logistic regression adjusted for perceived health status, sex, unmet medical needs, pain and discomfort, marital status, health screening, current smoking, physical activity, aerobic exercise, walking, household members, alcohol, age, perceived body type, education, physical activity, muscular exercise.

Korean J Fam Pract 2021;11:296~303 https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2021.11.4.296
© KJFP