Korean Journal of Family Practice

Table. 1.

Baseline characteristics of the subjects according to housing poverty

Variable Housing poverty (semi-basement/rooftop) P-value
No (N=9,843) Yes (N=240)
Age, y 74.4 (6.2) 75.1 (6.4) 0.09
Male 3,965 (40.3) 81 (33.8) 0.04
Level of income <0.001
1st quintile 1,949 (19.8) 88 (36.7)
2nd quintile 1,971 (20.0) 52 (21.7)
3rd quintile 1,984 (20.2) 32 (13.3)
4th quintile 1,966 (20.0) 44 (18.3)
5th quintile 1,972 (20.0) 24 (10.0)
Education level
None 2,609 (26.5) 90 (37.5) 0.001
Elementary school 3,468 (35.2) 70 (29.2)
Middle school 1,562 (15.9) 40 (16.7)
High school 1,556 (15.8) 32 (13.3)
College or higher 648 (6.6) 8 (3.3)
Self-perceived health 0.054
Very good 203 (2.1) 3 (1.2)
Good 3,311 (33.6) 73 (30.4)
Reasonable 2,296 (23.3) 46 (19.2)
Bad 3,582 (36.4) 100 (41.7)
Very bad 451 (4.6) 18 (7.5)
ADL disability 702 (7.1) 32 (13.3) <0.001
IADL disability 2,528 (25.7) 80 (33.3) 0.007
Household type <0.001
Alone 2,435 (24.7) 117 (48.8)
Married without children 4,897 (49.8) 69 (28.7)
Others 2,511 (25.5) 54 (22.5)
Employed 3,136 (31.9) 67 (27.9) 0.19
Recent admission history 1,715 (17.4) 51 (21.2) 0.12
Chronic diseasea 6,820 (69.3) 173 (72.1) 0.35
Cardiovascular diseaseb 1,371 (13.9) 37 (15.4) 0.51
Cancer 353 (3.6) 7 (2.9) 0.58
Polypharmacyc 3,814 (38.7) 97 (40.4) 0.60
Smoking 919 (9.3) 31 (12.9) 0.06
Frequent alcohol consumptiond 619 (6.3) 25 (10.4) 0.01
Physical activity 6,583 (66.9) 154 (64.2) 0.38

Data are presented as mean (standard deviation) for continuous measures, and number (%) for categorical measures.

ADL, activities of daily living; IADL, instrumental activities of daily living.

aDiagnosed with hypertension, diabetes mellitus, or dyslipidemia. bDiagnosed with coronary artery disease or stroke. cTaking more than 3 kinds of prescribed drugs. dMore than 4 days per week.

P-values were calculated using t-test for continuous variable and chi-square test for categorical variable.

Korean J Fam Pract 2021;11:393~399 https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2021.11.5.393
© KJFP