Korean Journal of Family Practice

Table. 2.

Multivariate analysis of association between housing poverty and depression

Variable Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
OR 95% CI P-value aOR 95% CI P-value aOR 95% CI P-value
Housing poverty (semi-basement/rooftop) 1.55 1.15–2.09 0.004 1.43 1.05–1.95 0.02 1.11 0.79–1.56 0.53
Age 1.06 1.05–1.06 <0.001 1.00 0.99–1.01 0.19
Male 1.50 1.32–1.65 <0.001 0.88 0.77–1.01 0.07
Level of income
1st quintile 1.00
2nd quintile 0.69 0.58–0.82 <0.001
3rd quintile 0.52 0.43–0.63 <0.001
4th quintile 0.36 0.29–0.44 <0.001
5th quintile 0.24 0.19–0.30 <0.001
Education level
None 1.00
Elementary school 0.83 0.72–0.96 0.01
Middle school 0.71 0.59–0.86 0.002
High school 0.67 0.54–0.82 0.004
College or higher 0.49 0.35–0.67 <0.001
ADL disability 2.55 2.10–3.09 <0.001
IADL disability 2.35 2.04–2.70 <0.001
Household type
Alone 1.00
Married without children 0.89 0.75–1.03 0.114
Others 1.63 1.35–1.98 <0.001
Frequent alcohol consumption 0.85 0.67–1.09 0.20

Model 1: crude. Model 2: adjusted for age, sex. Model 3: adjusted for age, sex, level of income, education level, ADL disability, IADL disability, household type, frequent alcohol consumption.

OR, odds ratio; aOR, adjusted odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; ADL, activities of daily living; IADL, instrumental activities of daily living.

P-values were calculated using multiple logistic regression.

Korean J Fam Pract 2021;11:393~399 https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2021.11.5.393
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