Korean Journal of Family Practice

Table. 1.

General characteristics of the study subjects

Characteristic Osteoporosis P-value
No (n=2,446) Yes (n=688)
Age (y) 61.88±0.46 69.07±0.78 <0.001
Income Low 23.8 48.2 <0.001
Middle-low 25.4 27.4
Middle-high 26.6 10.5
High 24.3 13.9
Education ≤Primary school 36.1 64.5 <0.001
Middle school 17.5 16.6
High school 31.2 13.5
≥University 15.1 5.4
Marital status Unmarried 1.1 1.1 <0.001
Seperated/widowed/divorced 28.6 45.8
Married 70.3 53.1
Occupation No 51.3 65.4 <0.001
Yes 48.7 34.6
Smoking Current 5.1 3.5 0.175
Past 3.3 2.6
Never 91.6 93.8
Alcohol intake ≥2/wk 9.3 4.1 <0.001
1–4/mo 23.7 15.3
<1/mo 67.0 80.6
Aerobic exercise No 62.7 69.5 0.004
Yes 37.3 30.5
Strength exercise No 86.1 90.6 0.007
Yes 14.9 9.4
Body mass index <18.5 2.2 3.1 0.433
18.5–24.9 61.3 60.1
≥25 36.6 36.8
Oral contraceptives Yes 21.3 23.9 0.173
No 78.7 76.1
Hypertension Yes 45.0 56.9 <0.001
No 55.0 43.1
Diabetes mellitus Yes 20.3 22.7 0.251
No 79.7 77.3
Subjective health status Bad 24.4 42.6 <0.001
Moderate 52.7 44.6
Good 22.9 12.8
Stress perception High 23.6 24.2 0.781
Low 76.4 75.8
Depression Yes 6.6 11.1 0.001
No 93.4 88.9
Suicidal plans Yes 1.7 2.3 0.336
No 98.3 97.7

Values are presented as mean±standard deviation or percentage.

Subjective health status: Bad (including ‘very bad’ and ‘bad’)/Moderate/Good (including ‘very good’ and ‘good’). Stress perception: High (high or very high stress)/Low (none or some stress). Depression: Yes (PHQ-9≥10), No (PHQ-9<10).

PHQ-9, Patient Health Questionnaire-9.

P-values from t-test and chi-square test comparing a difference between normal and osteoporosis.

Korean J Fam Pract 2021;11:449~456 https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2021.11.6.449
© KJFP