Korean Journal of Family Practice

Table. 3.

Association between carotid atherosclerosis, carotid plaque, CIMT and vitamin D status after adjustment for various confounders

Vitamin D
Insufficiency Deficiency
Carotid atherosclerosis Unadjusted 0.96 (0.80–1.15)d 0.84 (0.70–1.01)
Model 1a 0.98 (0.80–1.20) 0.99 (0.81–1.21)
Model 2b 0.97 (0.80–1.19) 0.98 (0.80–1.20)
Model 3c 0.97 (0.80–1.19) 0.98 (0.80–1.20)
Carotid plaque Unadjusted 1.00 (0.83–1.21) 0.87 (0.73–1.04)
Model 1 1.20 (0.78–0.93) 1.00 (0.82–1.22)
Model 2 1.02 (0.83–1.24) 0.99 (0.81–1.21)
Model 3 1.02 (0.83–1.24) 0.99 (0.81–1.21)
Increased CIMTe Unadjusted 0.97 (0.79–1.20) 0.87 (0.71–1.07)
Model 1 0.99 (0.79–1.24) 0.98 (0.79–1.23)
Model 2 0.99 (0.79–1.23) 0.98 (0.78–1.23)
Model 3 0.99 (0.79–1.23) 0.98 (0.78–1.23)

Values are expressed as odds ratio (95% confidence intervals).

CIMT, carotid intima-media thickness.

aModel 1: adjusted for age, sex, waist circumference, smoking, drinking, physical activity, seasonal variation. bModel 2: adjusted for Model 1+diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, osteoporosis, calcium, phosphorous, creatinine. cModel 3: adjusted for Model 2+body mass index. dBy logistic regression adjusted for none or Model 1 or Model 2 or Model 3. eIncreased CIMT was defined as over 0.9 mm carotid intima-media thickness at least one carotid artery calculated by carotid sonography.

Korean J Fam Pract 2021;11:464~471 https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2021.11.6.464
© KJFP