Korean Journal of Family Practice

Table. 4.

Association between carotid atherosclerosis, carotid plaque, CIMT and vitamin D status, among patients those with or without abdominal obesity using abdominal fat CT scan and WC in male

Vitamin D
Insufficiency Deficiency
Visceral obesity (visceral fat ≥100 cm2) Carotid atherosclerosis 1.22 (0.78–1.90)a 1.35 (0.86–2.11)
Carotid plaque 1.50 (0.96–2.34) 1.59 (1.02–2.48)*
Increased CIMT 1.00 (0.60–1.67) 1.23 (0.74–2.04)
Non visceral obesity (visceral fat <100 cm2) Carotid atherosclerosis 0.73 (0.30–1.79) 0.50 (0.20–1.22)
Carotid plaque 0.76 (0.32–1.81) 0.50 (0.21–1.20)
Increased CIMT 1.00 (0.33–3.01) 0.69 (0.22–2.13)
Visceral obesity (WC ≥90 cm) Carotid atherosclerosis 1.57 (0.80–3.06) 1.51 (0.77–2.97)
Carotid plaque 1.82 (0.94–3.54) 1.48 (0.76–2.89)
Increased CIMT 1.63 (0.75–3.54) 1.61 (0.73–3.53)

Values are expressed as odds ratio (95% confidence intervals).

CIMT, carotid intima-media thickness; CT, computed tomography; WC, waist circumference.

aBy logistic regression adjusted for age, smoking, drinking, physical activity, seasonal variation, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, osteoporosis, calcium, phosphorous, creatinine, body mass index.

*P< 0.05.

Korean J Fam Pract 2021;11:464~471 https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2021.11.6.464
© KJFP