Korean Journal of Family Practice

Table. 5.

Association between carotid atherosclerosis, carotid plaque, CIMT and vitamin D status, among patients those with or without abdominal obesity using abdominal fat CT scan and WC in women

Vitamin D
Insufficiency Deficiency
Visceral obesity (visceral fat ≥70 cm2) Carotid atherosclerosis 0.82 (0.48–1.38) 1.06 (0.64–1.76)
Carotid plaque 0.79 (0.47–1.32) 0.79 (0.47–1.30)
Increased CIMT 0.69 (0.37–1.30) 0.87 (0.48–1.59)
Non visceral obesity (visceral fat <70 cm2) Carotid atherosclerosis 0.82 (0.48–1.38) 1.06 (0.64–1.76)
Carotid plaque 0.79 (0.47–1.32) 0.79 (0.47–1.30)
Increased CIMT 0.69 (0.37–1.30) 0.87 (0.48–1.59)
Visceral obesity (WC ≥85 cm) Carotid atherosclerosis 1.32 (0.59–2.94) 1.45 (0.65–3.22)
Carotid plaque 1.04 (0.46–2.35) 1.00 (0.45–2.24)
Increased CIMT 1.21 (0.46–3.15) 0.91 (0.35–2.37)

Values are expressed as odds ratio (95% confidence intervals).

CIMT, carotid intima-media thickness; CT, computed tomography; WC, waist circumference.

By logistic regression adjusted for age, smoking, drinking, physical activity, seasonal variation, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, osteoporosis, calcium, phosphorous, creatinine, body mass index.

Korean J Fam Pract 2021;11:464~471 https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2021.11.6.464
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