Korean Journal of Family Practice

Table. 1.

General characteristics among 1,417 Korean children and adolescents aged 12 to 18 years, 2016–2018

Variable Total (n=1,417) Boy (n=745) Girl (n=672) P-value
Age (y) 15.27±0.06 15.27±0.08 15.28±0.09 0.976
Height (cm) 165.32±0.23 170.33±0.35 160.33±0.26 <0.001
Weight (kg) 58.68±0.37 63.15±0.59 54.21±0.43 <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 21.34±0.12 21.62±0.16 21.05±0.15 0.007
Waist circumference (cm) 71.47±0.31 74.28±0.45 68.70±0.37 <0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 108.98±0.31 111.66±0.40 106.31±0.46 <0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 67.55±0.27 67.99±0.38 67.12±0.34 0.072
Fasting glucose (mg/dL) 91.11±0.24 92.54±0.33 89.67±0.34 <0.001
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 163.88±0.86 158.84±1.13 168.92±1.21 <0.001
Triglyceride (mg/dL) 85.75±1.49 84.70±2.09 86.79±1.96 0.446
HDL-C (mg/dL) 51.35±0.30 49.32±0.36 53.38±0.45 <0.001
LDL-C (mg/dL) 95.38±0.75 92.58±1.04 98.18±1.05 <0.001
AST (IU/L) 19.05±0.26 20.71±0.34 17.39±0.34 <0.001
ALT (IU/L) 16.43±0.62 19.59±0.99 13.27±0.73 <0.001
Smoking (%) 5.6 (0.7) 8.3 (1.1) 2.5 (0.7) <0.001
Consumption of alcohol (%) 32.7 (1.5) 34.4 (2.1) 30.8 (2.1) 0.201
Muscular exercise (<2 d/wk) (%) 74.4 (1.3) 62.7 (2.1) 87.7 (1.4) <0.001
Family history of DM, HTN, DL (%) 26.7 (1.4) 25.5 (1.9) 28.1 (2.1) 0.364

Values are presented as the mean±standard error for continuous variables or percentage (standard error) for categorical variables.

BMI, body mass index; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; AST, aspartate aminotransferase; ALT, alanine aminotransferase; DM, diabetes mellitus; HTN, hypertension; DL, dyslipidemia.

Korean J Fam Pract 2022;12:86~92 https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2022.12.2.86
© KJFP