Korean Journal of Family Practice

Table. 2.

Odds ratios of low handgrip strength according to masticatory difficulty in males and females

Masticatory difficulty Model 1a Model 2b Model 3c
Male
Masticatory difficulty
No 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
Yes 1.17 (0.64–2.13) 0.96 (0.50–1.83) 0.99 (0.50–1.97)
P-value 0.614 0.895 0.975
Severity of masticatory difficulty
None 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
Mild 1.05 (0.47–2.32) 1.08 (0.46–2.55) 1.16 (0.47–2.87)
Moderate 0.97 (0.48–1.97) 0.68 (0.33–1.42) 0.73 (0.34–1.59)
Severe 2.28 (1.02–5.13) 1.75 (0.74–4.17) 1.57 (0.63–3.88)
P-value 0.21 0.818 0.909
Female
Masticatory difficulty
No 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
Yes 2.21 (1.36–3.62) 1.82 (1.10–3.00) 1.76 (1.04–2.99)
P-value 0.002 0.02 0.034
Severity of masticatory difficulty
None 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
Mild 1.49 (0.82–2.69) 1.36 (0.75–2.48) 1.29 (0.70–2.39)
Moderate 2.18 (1.21–3.93) 1.76 (0.95–3.28) 1.76 (0.92–3.36)
Severe 8.59 (3.67–20.14) 5.40 (2.27–12.82) 5.67 (2.30–13.96)
P-value <0.001 0.001 0.001

Values are presented as odds ratio (95% confidence interval) calculated by multivariable logistic regression analysis.

aModel 1 was unadjusted.

bModel 2 was adjusted for age.

cModel 3 was adjusted for age, body mass index, smoking status, alcohol consumption and aerobic physical activity, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus.

Korean J Fam Pract 2022;12:179~184 https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2022.12.3.179
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