Korean Journal of Family Practice

Table. 3.

Odds ratios of low handgrip strength according to masticatory difficulty in age groups

Masticatory difficulty Model 1a Model 2b Model 3c
<65 (y)
Masticatory difficulty
No 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
Yes 2.52 (1.22–5.18) 2.84 (1.37–5.89) 2.76 (1.32–5.76)
P–value 0.012 0.005 0.007
Severity of masticatory difficulty
None 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
Mild 2.01 (0.84–4.78) 2.27 (0.94–5.48) 2.03 (0.82–5.02)
Moderate 2.86 (1.19–6.90) 3.08 (1.27–7.43) 3.27 (1.37–7.83)
Severe 4.46 (1.28–15.62) 7.04 (1.83–27.14) 8.34 (2.53–27.51)
P–value 0.003 0.001 <0.001
≥65 (y)
Masticatory difficulty
No 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
Yes 0.96 (0.59–1.56) 0.97 (0.59–1.59) 0.92 (0.53–1.58)
P–value 0.866 0.887 0.751
Severity of masticatory difficulty
None 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
Mild 0.83 (0.46–1.52) 0.82 (0.45–1.51) 0.82 (0.43–1.54)
Moderate 0.74 (0.41–1.33) 0.75 (0.42–1.37) 0.73 (0.38–1.39)
Severe 2.30 (1.16–4.59) 2.32 (1.16–4.63) 2.12 (0.99–4.53)
P–value 0.225 0.208 0.357

Values are presented as odds ratio (95% confidence interval) calculated by multivariable logistic regression analysis.

aModel 1 was unadjusted.

bModel 2 was adjusted for sex and age.

cModel 3 was adjusted for sex, age, body mass index, smoking status, alcohol consumption and aerobic physical activity, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus.

Korean J Fam Pract 2022;12:179~184 https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2022.12.3.179
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