Table. 3.

Nutritional status according to the Korean Healthy Eating Index

Korean Healthy Eating Index
Q1 (16.0–55.1) Q2 (55.2–64.5) Q3 (55.2–64.5) Q4 (64.6–73.1) P-value
Total calories (kcal/day) 2,155.4±26.5 2,223.0±26.0 2,204.6±20.3 2,179.1±21.4 0.225
Carbohydrates (%) 58.3±0.4 61.3±0.3 62.2±0.3 62.7±0.3 <0.001
Proteins (%) 13.5±0.1 13.8±0.1 14.1±0.1 14.5±0.1 <0.001
Fats (%) 9.8±0.1 8.6±0.1 8.5±0.1 8.9±0.1 <0.001
MUFA (%) 7.2±0.1 6.1±0.1 6.0±0.1 6.2±0.1 <0.001
PUFA (%) 5.0±0.1 4.9±0.1 4.9±0.1 5.2±0.1 0.001
SFA (%) 6.7±0.1 5.6±0.1 5.4±0.1 5.6±0.1 <0.001
Vitamin A (µg RE/day) 731.5±26.2 761.9±24.5 819.6±23.0 856.1±22.0 0.001
Vitamin B1 (mg/day) 2.1±0.0 2.1±0.0 2.2±0.0 2.3±0.0 <0.001
Vitamin B2 (mg/day) 1.4±0.0 1.5±0.0 1.5±0.0 1.6±0.0 <0.001
Vitamin C (mg/day) 72.4±2.4 92.1±2.7 113.9±3.2 140.4±4.1 <0.001
Niacin (mg/day) 17.0±0.3 17.8±0.3 18.1±0.2 18.6±0.3 0.001
Calcium (mg/day) 461.4±8.0 498.2±6.7 530.8±6.9 587.5±8.2 <0.001
P (mg/day) 1,063.6±15.2 1,144.6±14.6 1,186.9±12.0 1,252.0±14.7 <0.001

Values are presented as the mean±standard error for continuous variables.

Percentages are the [intake (g)×4 kcal]/[total caloric intake×100] (for carbohydrates and proteins) or the [intake (g)×9 kcal]/[total caloric intake×100] (for fats).

MUFA, monounsaturated fatty acids; PUFA, polyunsaturated fatty acids; SFA, saturated fatty acids; RE, retinol equivalent.

Korean J Fam Pract 2023;13:218~224 https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2023.13.4.218
© KJFP