Korean J Fam Pract 2019; 9(1): 71-74  https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2019.9.1.71
Relationship between the Breakfast and Student’s Academic Achievement: Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, 2017
Do-Hyun Eum1, Sung-Jung Cho1,*, Byoung-Duck Han1, Seung-Jin Jung1, Ga-Eun Nam1, Jung-Hun Kim1, Tae-Ryoon Kim1, Sang-Woo Lee1, Soon-Hong Min1, Woo-Hyun Lee1, Youn Huh2
1Department of Family Medicine, Sahmyook Medical Center, Seoul; 2Department of Family Medicine, Inje University Ilsan-Paik Hospital, Goyang, Korea
Sung-Jung Cho, Tel: +82-2-2210-3245, Fax: +82-2-2212-2673, E-mail: sunggtown@hanmail.net, ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3156-5931
Received: June 26, 2018; Revised: October 8, 2018; Accepted: October 17, 2018; Published online: February 20, 2019.
© The Korean Academy of Family Medicine. All rights reserved.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Background: Eating breakfast is important for optimal growth and development in adolescence, and is associated with academic achievement as well as nutrition and health status. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between breakfast consumption frequency and high school students’ academic achievement.
Methods: We used data from the 2017 Korea Youth’s Risk Behavior Web-Based Study, conducted by the Korean Center for Disease Control (64,991 students). The relationship between academic achievement and breakfast consumption frequency was examined using logistic regression.
Results: Students who consumed breakfast frequently exhibited higher academic achievement as compared to their counterparts. There was a significant correlation between awareness of appropriate eating habits and breakfast consumption frequency. Further, students who had not received any education about eating habits exhibited low academic achievement.
Conclusion: To improve the academic achievement of students, they should be motivated to eat breakfast every day. Additionally, appropriate education about eating habits need to be implemented at schools and at home to increase students’ breakfast consumption frequency.
Keywords: Academic Performance; Breakfast; Feeding Behavior; Adolescent
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