Korean J Fam Pract 2020; 10(4): 292-297  https://doi.org/10.21215/kjfp.2020.10.4.292
Simplified Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Simulator Made by Recycled Materials Could Be a Useful Tool of Education: Focus Group Interview
Junyoung Yoon1, Kyung Min Lee1, Seok Young Jang1, Hyejin Lee2,*
1Department of Family Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul; 2Department of Family Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea
Hyejin Lee
Tel: +82-31-787-7242, Fax: +82-31-787-4834
E-mail: jie2128@gmail.com
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5279-340X
Received: August 1, 2019; Revised: May 16, 2020; Accepted: May 23, 2020; Published online: August 20, 2020.
© The Korean Academy of Family Medicine. All rights reserved.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is becoming a common technique used by primary care physicians, so appropriate education using a dummy is beneficial for the trainees. However, because dummies are expensive, only a few hospitals have dummies. In this study, we investigated whether a simplified upper gastrointestinal endoscopic simulator created using recycled materials can be useful in endoscopic education.
Methods: The simplified upper gastrointestinal endoscopic simulator was prepared using materials that were readily available around us. Focus group interviews were conducted with five family medicine trainees for 60 minutes using a semi-structured questionnaire. All conversations were recorded and transcribed after they provided informed consent. Data were analyzed using qualitative analysis methods.
Results: Family medicine trainees believe that upper gastrointestinal endoscopic training is essential for primary care physicians and can be helpful in their job after training. However, they were concerned about the possibility of endoscopic complications and difficulty in endoscopy operation. All of them said that the simplified upper gastrointestinal endoscopic simulator helped reduce their fear and also helped them become familiar with anatomic positions. The simplified upper gastrointestinal endoscopic simulator also aroused their interest and motivated them to learn.
Conclusion: Overall, the simplified upper gastrointestinal endoscopy simulator seemed helpful for trainees of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. The use of a simplified upper gastrointestinal endoscopy simulator could be considered in training hospitals that do not have enough financial resources. Further quantitative studies are needed to generate further evidence.
Keywords: Endoscopy; Endoscopic Simulator; Endoscopic Training; Focus Group
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